50 psychology questions i need it in a hour

Question 1

.    According to Rosenhan, what is a pseudopatient?


.   

.     

.    a healthy person labeled mentally ill

.   

.     

.    a healthy person admitted to a mental hospital

.   

.     

.    a and b

.   

.     

.    none of the above

.   

2 points  

Question 2

.    What kinds of people tend to have a greater external locus of control?



.   

.     

.    low achievers


.   

.     

.    gamblers


.   

.     

.    all of the above


.   

.     

.    criminals


.   

2 points  

Question 3

.    Rosenhan’s pseudopatients were discharged from the mental hospitals with a diagnosis of


.   

.     

.    schizophrenia

.   

.     

.    pseudoschizophrenia

.   

.     

.    depression

.   

.     

.    schizophrenia in remission

.   

2 points  

Question 4

.    Lazarus found that for____, uplifts had a negative effect on emotions and psychological health



.   

.     

.    women


.   

.     

.    children


.   

.     

.    men


.   

.     

.    older adults


.   

2 points  

Question 5

.    According to Watson, the method of introspection


.   

.     

.    is important for psychological research

.   

.     

.    can be used when studying certain types of behavior

.   

.     

.    should only be used by trained experts

.   

.     

.    has no place in the science of psychology

.   

2 points  

Question 6

.    According to Plomin, which one of the following statements is most correct about the determination of behaviors?


.   

.     

.    both heredity and environment are very important

.   

.     

.    heredity is more important than environment

.   

.     

.    environment is more important than heredity

.   

.     

.    neither are very important

.   

2 points  

Question 7

.    Which of the following is not one of Piaget’s stages of intellectual development?


.   

.     

.    sensori-motor

.   

.     

.    imaginary operations

.   

.     

.    formal operations

.   

.     

.    concrete operations

.   

2 points  

Question 8

.    According to Freud, the function of anxiety is as a reaction to


.   

.     

.    the unknown

.   

.     

.    sexual tension

.   

.     

.    danger

.   

.     

.    excitement

.   

2 points  

Question 9

.    Watson and Rayner found that after Albert had been conditioned to fear a white rat, he reached to a rabbit, a dog, a fur coat, and cotton wool with


.   

.     

.    indifference

.   

.     

.    fear

.   

.     

.    pleasure

.   

.     

.    anger

.   

2 points  

Question 10

.    Which one of the following characteristics is not one used by Rogers to describe the therapeutic relationship?


.   

.     

.    intelligence

.   

.     

.    genuineness

.   

.     

.    acceptance

.   

.     

.    empathy

.   

2 points  

Question 11

.    Sperry found that the left hemisphere tends to be more____than the right hemispheres for many split-brain patients


.   

.     

.    artistic

.   

.     

.    verbal

.   

.     

.    actual

.   

.     

.    creative

.   

2 points  

Question 12

.    According to James, what determines the presence of mentality is the


.   

.     

.    selection of the means with which to reach future goals

.   

.     

.    conscious awareness of our souls

.   

.     

.    physiology of creatures who live and breathe

.   

.     

.    interpretation of sensory information.

.   

2 points  

Question 13

.    Which one of the following phrases best describes the feelings of many of the subjects who fully obeyed and gave the maximum shock level in Milgram’s study?


.   

.     

.    acting against own values

.   

.     

.    enjoying giving the shocks

.   

.     

.    unemotional and unconcerned

.   

.     

.    conscientious and aggressive personality

.   

2 points  

Question 14

.    Maccoby agrues that gender differences are most evident in



.   

.     

.    intelligence testing


.   

.     

.    individual performance


.   

.     

.    private conversations


.   

.     

.    social situations


.   

2 points  

Question 15

.    Plomin concludes that genetic influences on behavior tend to


.   

.     

.    be unpredictable and unmeasurable

.   

.     

.    involve many genes each with little effect

.   

.     

.    be significantly less important that environmental influences

.   

.     

.    nvolve single genes with major effect

.   

2 points  

Question 16

.    According to Maslow, satisfaction of the ____need leads to feelings of affiliation.


.   

.     

.    love

.   

.     

.    esteem

.   

.     

.    self-actualization

.   

.     

.    safety

.   

2 points  

Question 17

.    According to one Loftus experiment, if one group were asked about the 4 people who were present and a second group were asked about the 12 people who were present ( when there were actually 6) the results would probably show that


.   

.     

.    both groups would remember 8 people

.   

.     

.    the second group would remember more people

.   

.     

.    the first group would remember more people being present

.   

.     

.    neither group could remember how meny people were present

.   

2 points  

Question 18

.    Which of the following is NOT a characteristic of the participants in Sherif’s study of intergroup conflict?


.   

.     

.    from well-adjusted families

.   

.     

.    academically successful

.   

.     

.    problems with delinquency

.   

.     

.    above normal intelligence

.   

2 points  

Question 19

.    The students predicted to bloom academically in Rosenthal and Jacobson’s study were selected by


.   

.     

.    an IQ test

.   

.     

.    consultation with the teachers

.   

.     

.    a table of random numbers

.   

.     

.    student’s volunteering

.   

2 points  

Question 20

.    According to Maccoby’s research concerning attraction to same-sex peers in childhood, it is true that



.   

.     

.    girls find it difficult to influence boys


.   

.     

.    girls enjoy rough and tumble play


.   

.     

.    boys prefer to be around adults


.   

.     

.    boys tend to make polite requests of girls


.   

2 points  

Question 21

.    Hassles are



.   

.     

.    life events


.   

.     

.    pleasant


.   

.     

.    distressing


.   

.     

.    happy


.   

2 points  

Question 22

.    According to Rogers, the characteristic upon which psychotherapy depends is a


.   

.     

.    drive toward self-actualization

.   

.     

.    knowledge of therapeutic techniques

.   

.     

.    genuine relationship

.   

.     

.    conflict-resolution orientation

.   

2 points  

Question 23

.    According to Sternberg, all of the following are the basic components of love except


.   

.     

.    friendship

.   

.     

.    passion

.   

.     

.    intimacy

.   

.     

.    commitment

.   

2 points  

Question 24

.    According to Stenberg, the type of love that needs attention and nurturing is


.   

.     

.    companionate love

.   

.     

.    infatuation

.   

.     

.    consummate love

.   

.     

.    liking

.   

2 points  

Question 25

.    Which one of the following is not an important source of efficacy expectation, as described by Bandura?


.   

.     

.    performance accomplishments

.   

.     

.    genetic expectancy

.   

.     

.    vicarious experiences

.   

.     

.    emotional arousal

.   

2 points  

Question 26

.    According to Freud, a dream that allows the dreamer to satisfy a need rather than taking action on the need is called a


.   

.     

.    psychoanalytic symbolization

.   

.     

.    dream of convenience

.   

.     

.    dream symbolization

.   

.     

.    sexual unconscious death wish

.   

2 points  

Question 27

.    Which one of the following is not one of the ways that efficacy expectations vary?


.   

.     

.    magnitude

.   

.     

.    generality

.   

.     

.    strength

.   

.     

.    frequency

.   

2 points  

Question 28

.    According to Skinner, slot machines in a gambling casino operate on a ____schedule of reinforcement


.   

.     

.    variable ratio

.   

.     

.    variable interval

.   

.     

.    fixed ratio

.    d fixed interval

.   

2 points  

Question 29

.    Ekman believes that facial expressions are


.   

.     

.    universal

.   

.     

.    cultural bound

.   

.     

.    attached to temperament

.   

.     

.    attached to personality traits

.   

2 points  

Question 30

.    In the Rosenhan study, what misrepresentations did the pseudopatients make about themselves?


.   

.     

.    names

.   

.     

.    professions

.   

.     

.    reports of hearing voices

.   

.     

.    all of the above

.   

2 points  

Question 31

.    A technique suggested by Skinner to hasten the desired behavior in a subject by reinforcing behaviors that are similar to the goal behavior so called


.   

.     

.    extinction

.   

.     

.    successive approximation

.   

.     

.    reinforcement

.   

.     

.    variable ratio reinforcement schedule

.   

2 points  

Question 32

.    Why was the surgery originally performed on the hemisphere deconnection patients described by Sperry?


.   

.     

.    to reduce severe seizures

.   

.     

.    to assist memory

.   

.     

.    to improve vision

.   

.     

.    to improve speech

.   

2 points  

Question 33

.    According to Seligman, learned helplessness and the resulting depression can be prevented


.   

.     

.    by setting goals that can be reached easily

.   

.     

.    through the use of antidepressant drugs early in life

.   

.     

.    by repeatedly becoming frustrated when trying to solve problems

.   

.     

.    by gaining mastery over sources of reinforcement

.   

2 points  

Question 34

.    According to Stenberg, developing a confidant takes


.   

.     

.    years

.   

.     

.    trust

.   

.     

.    self-disclosure

.   

.     

.    all of the above

.   

2 points  

Question 35

.    According to Ainsworth, how do secure infants behave later?



.   

.     

.    are more cooperative


.   

.     

.    are more positive


.   

.     

.    all of the above


.   

.     

.    less aggressive


.   

2 points  

Question 36

.    How did Pavlov define reflex?


.   

.     

.    reaction of organism to an external stimulus

.   

.     

.    reaction of organism to internal stimulus

.   

.     

.    reaction of organism to internal reinforcement

.   

.     

.    reaction of organism to external reinforcement

.   

2 points  

Question 37

.    Bandura, Ross, and Ross found that the greatest aggression occurred in the ____group


.   

.     

.    human film

.   

.     

.    real life

.   

.     

.    control

.   

.     

.    cartoon film

.   

2 points  

Question 38

.    The only areas that men and women should be expected to differ are those in which


.   

.     

.    learning plays the most important role

.   

.     

.    math and reading skills are emphasized

.   

.     

.    they faced different adaptive problems over time

.   

.     

.    they learned to interact through society

.   

2 points  

Question 39

.    According to Pavlov, if the unconditioned stimulus is applied first and the neutral stimulus second, what happens?


.   

.     

.    conditioned reflex is learned

.   

.     

.    unconditioned stimulus acts like a neutral stimulus

.   

.     

.    conditioned reflex cannot be established

.   

.     

.    neutral stimulus acts like an unconditioned stimulus

.   

2 points  

Question 40

.    The phrase “to become everything that one is capable or becoming” best represents which one of Maslow’s needs?


.   

.     

.    esteem

.   

.     

.    love

.   

.     

.    being

.   

.     

.    self-actualization

.   

2 points  

Question 41

.    Watson argues that as a behavioral factor, the subject of consciousness


.   

.     

.    must be discarded by psychologists

.   

.     

.    should form the core of psychology

.   

.     

.    is part of our understanding of ourselves

.   

.     

.    can only apply to human psychology

.   

2 points  

Question 42

.    What behavior in Milgram’s study showed the nervousness of the subjects administering the shocks?



.   

.     

.    crying


.   

.     

.    yelling


.   

.     

.    none of the above


.   

.     

.    laughing


.   

2 points  

Question 43

.    How can the behavior of a subject be shaped to some ultimate goal of the experimenter?


.   

.     

.    reinforcing a series of successive approximations to the goal behavior

.   

.     

.    reinforcing a series of external stimuli

.   

.     

.    reinforcing a series of internal stimuli

.   

.     

.    all of the above

.   

2 points  

Question 44

.    Identify emotions for which cross-cultural data agree in the labeling



.   

.     

.    enjoyment, anger fear


.   

.     

.    sadness, disgust, and surprise


.   

.     

.    love, fear, disgust


.   

.     

.    a and b


.   

2 points  

Question 45

.    According to Jacobs, how might exercise help treat depression?


.   

.     

.    exercise relieves stress

.   

.     

.    repetitive motor behavior triggers serotonin

.   

.     

.    repetitive motor behavior triggers dopamine

.   

.     

.    exercise triggers dopamine

.   

2 points  

Question 46

.    To cause Little Albert to show a fear reaction, Watson and Rayner


.   

.     

.    exposed him to a white rat

.   

.     

.    tossed him up in the air

.   

.     

.    struck a hammer on a steel bar

.   

.     

.    applied an electric shock to the rat

.   

2 points  

Question 47

.    Identify 3 types of attachment reported by Ainsworth



.   

.     

.    secure, anxious, avoidant


.   

.     

.    secure, fearful, happy


.   

.     

.    secure,anxious, fearful


.   

.     

.    anxious, avoidant, fearful


.   

2 points  

Question 48

.    According to Maslow, ____________allows adults to feel safe.


.   

.     

.    religion

.   

.     

.    law

.   

.     

.    owning a gun

.   

.     

.    living in a gated community

.   

2 points  

Question 49

.    How stable is the tendency to have an internal or external locus of control?


.   

.     

.    relatively stable

.   

.     

.    not at all stable

.   

.     

.    changeable by situation

.   

.     

.    none of the above

.   

2 points  

Question 50

.    According to Rotter, which one of the following statements is not correct?



.   

.     

.    Ute Indian children tend to be external


.   

.     

.    lower socio-ecomonic children tend to be internal


.   

.     

.    high-achievement school children tend to be internal


.   

.     

.    hospital patients who know many details about their medical problems are internal