Background you are the science reporter for your local newspaper.


You are the science reporter for your local newspaper. Your editor asks you to write an article on a major topic within the general field of microbiology. He stipulates that in this article you need to include the following three things:

An historical timeline for the major scientific discoveries that has led to our current understanding of the topic.
A summary of our current understanding of the topic.
A projection of where the next major advance or breakthrough in your topic will come from.


Using the topic, outline and resources that you developed for Project 1, write a 2,000 word article for your newspaper following your editor’s instructions. Your article should not just quote the research articles you have consulted, but convert them into language that is understood by non-scientists without losing the meaning.


Submit your project in one WORD document and place it in the appropriate assignment dropbox.
Please format your article according to APA style. Your article should have a cover page, abstract, and reference page. These pages do not count towards the length specified (2000 words).
Please number each page, including the cover page and provide a running head.


Microbiology and Environment


Topic: Bioremediation


Introduction with Historical timeline




Bioremediation Factors:


Existence of Competent microbial population


Accessibility of Pollutants


Environmental factors :


1. Nutrients


2. Type of Soil


3. Temperature


4. pH


5. Occurrence of Electron acceptors


Bioremediation Strategies


In-Situ Bioremediation:


1. Biosparging


2. Bioventing


3. Bioaugmentation




Ex-Situ Bioremediation:


1. Land farming


2. Turned Windrows


3. Force Vented Biopiles

Exceptional Features




Future prospects







Boufadel M, C. Harifi Y. VanAken B. Wrenn B. Lee K. (2010). Nutrient and oxygen concentrations within the sediments of an Alaskan beach polluted with the Exxon Valdez Oil Spill. Environ. Sci. Technol. 44; 7418–7424.


Morley GF, Gadd GM. (1998). Sorption of toxic metals by fungi and clay materials. Mycol Res. 99: 1428–1439.


Pogaku R, Kulkarni S. (2006). Biosorption of combined industrial effluents using Phanerochaetechrysosporium. Int J Chem React Eng. 4:A16.


Preetha B, Viruthagiri T. (2007). Batch and continuous biosorption of chromium (VI) by Rhizopusarrhizus. Sep Purif Technol.57:126–133.


Swift DT, Forciniti D. (1997). Accumulation of lead by Anabaena cylindrica: mathematical modeling and an energy dispersive X-ray study. Biotechnology and Bioengineering. 55:408–419.


Trevors JT, Stratton GW, Gadd GM. (1986). Cadmiumtransport, resistance, and toxicity in bacteria, algae, and fungi. Canadian Journal of Microbiology.32:464–474.



Zhitkovich A. (2011). Chromium in drinking water: sources, metabolism, and cancer risks. Chem. Res. Toxicol. 24:1617–1629.