Directions: Please answer each of the following questions. Please ensure that your responses are at least 3 to 5 sentences in length.
1.Why can there be greater genetic diversity within a gene pool than in an individual organism?
2.List four processes that can lead to local, genetically distinct populations.
3.How is a clone developed? What are its benefits and drawbacks?
4.What is the role of a genetic counselor?
5.What were eugenics laws? List two facts about human genetics that the advocates of eugenics failed to consider.
6.List five assumptions about the nature of living things that support the concept of evolution by natural selection.
7.Why is sexual reproduction important to the process of natural selection?
8.How might a harmful allele remain in a gene pool for generations without being eliminated by natural selection?
9.Distinguish among stabilizing, directional, and disruptive selection.
10.Why is genetic drift more likely in small populations? Give an example of genetic drift.
11. I am sure you have heard the saying, “Variety is the Spice of Life.” Not only does variety (otherwise known as diversity) make life interesting, it makes life possible. There are levels of diversity from the species level and individual level, all the way down to the genetic level. Genetic diversity is crucial to the survivability of most multi-cellular species. Explain why this is true and how methods by which genetic diversity is increased in a population. Give an example of a species who has limited genetic diversity, explain how this has occurred and the ramifications of this lack of diversity on the species’ future.
12. What does “hybrid” mean? Explain, in your own, words how hybrid animals and plants are produced. Also, explain why this process might be dangerous or beneficial to a hybrid.
PART II: ESSAY
Directions: Write a 1 to 2 page, double-spaced paper in 12 pt. font in response to the following question. APA
You will be writing a paper on cloning. What would be the benefits of human cloning? Explain your views on the subject matter. Why are you for or against cloning? Explain.
Note: Please click here to use this specific article to help you in your explanation.