What is the interdependent relationship between mitochondria and other organelles?
What are the similarities and differences between the Golgi apparatus and the endoplasmic reticulum?
What is the function of the central vacuole? Why does a plant require this function?
Describe the structure and function of chloroplasts. Include the terms inner membrane, outer membrane, stroma, thylakoid membranes, and grana. Include the functions of stroma and grana.
Explain the function of the smooth endoplasmic reticulum and the rough endoplasmic reticulum. How are their functions similar to those of the nucleus? How are they different?
For covalent, ionic, and hydrogen bonds, describe a) each type of bond, b) which is the strongest and weakest and why, and c) which disassociate in water and why.
Compare exergonic and endergonic reactions. Provide an example of each.
Discuss the similarities and differences between osmosis and diffusion. What are the driving forces behind each process? Why are membranes selectively permeable? How do they control what crosses them?
What role does solute concentration play in osmosis? How does water’s chemical potential influence osmosis?
Distinguish between osmotic pressure and potential. What organelle is related to osmotic potential? What organelle is related to osmotic pressure?
What role do aquaporins play in cell membrane permeability?