Case Study: Nicole Experiences School Phobia (Biopsychosocial)

Nicole is a 9-year-old Caucasian female who lives with her mother. Nicole’s father has never lived with the family and has not been in contact for many years. Nicole is a fourth-grade student at an urban elementary school and her mother works as an assistant at a veterinary hospital. Nicole and her mother moved to the city within the past year.

Presenting Problem: For the past several weeks, Nicole has increasingly refused to attend school. Initially, Nicole claimed illness in order to stay home, but lately has been tearfully refusing to go to school because she “wants to stay home” and is “scared to go back” to her classroom. Her mother has been forced to take time off from work, and occasionally enlists neighbors to stay with Nicole when she has to work. School officials are insisting that Nicole return to school immediately or begin a program of home tutoring.

Biological Factors: Nicole has always been an anxious child who had difficulty with separation and new experiences. While her mother is unaware of any family history of anxiety disorders, she claims that Nicole has seemed “edgy” and “fearful” from “day one.” Nicole’s diet is significant for her lack of appetite—excessive consumption of caffeine-rich cola beverages (approximately 6 cans per day)—and she also complains of sleep difficulties.

Psychological Factors: Nicole is deeply attached to her mother who works full time. Her mother finds it challenging to parent such a needy child. Nicole is beset by ongoing anxiety, particularly in response to separation experiences such as going to school and sleepovers at friends’ homes. She has numerous strengths, such as her high intellect, loving nature, and artistic skill. She has poor self-esteem, and is riddled with feelings of inadequacy.

Social Factors: Nicole lives and attends school in an urban environment. Having moved to the city only recently, Nicole and her mother feel relatively isolated and feel tentative in a big city with significant crime and hustle-bustle. Nicole’s relatives all live in distant cities, and her mother’s work demands have limited their ability to make social or community connections.

Biopsychosocial Formulation and Plan: Nicole, who may or may not have a biological tendency toward anxiety, is certainly not benefiting from the high levels of caffeine she is consuming. Caffeine may be contributing to some degree to her sleeplessness, low appetite, and possibly even her anxiety. Most prominent, however, appears to be Nicole’s sense of isolation in a new and intimidating environment and her necessary dependence on her single, full-time working mother. By staying home from school, Nicole (perhaps unconsciously) succeeds in securing her mother’s presence, or at least the attention of a neighbor. Nicole’s school refusal may be inadvertently reinforced by the companionship and attention of her mother and neighbors, as well as by relief from the more challenging aspects of getting to school on public transportation and contending with school demands. The lack of a secure social support network appears to be enhancing her dependency on her mother and generating fearfulness and school refusal.

Treatment should progress in a number of ways. First, a behavioral program should be instituted whereby shaping is utilized to gradually reinforce Nicole’s reentry to school. For example, Nicole’s mother could spend the first hour of her school day during her first week back at school, then only the first 30 minutes, then merely accompany her to school, and so forth. Nicole’s successes could be reinforced by special time with her mother, enjoyable experiences with friends, or other desirable incentives. This behavioral plan should be augmented by some supportive psychotherapy to help Nicole express her fears and dependency needs, both verbally and through nonverbal means such as play and drawing. Efforts should also be encouraged for the family to extend their social network, and consultation could be provided to determine available resources and strategies. Nicole’s participation in activities (such as group art projects), which can enhance her sense of esteem and competence, would also be beneficial. Finally, all caffeine should be eliminated from Nicole’s diet

 

 

 
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Sampling and Data Collection in Research Paper

 

Refer to Ch. 5 and 7 of Applied Social Research

 

Write a 700- to 1,050-word paper describing observation and measurement as they relate to human services research.

 

Address each of the following points in your paper:

 

1.     Sampling

·         What is the purpose of sampling?

o    What are the fundaments of sampling?

o    Give an example (identifying the characteristics) of one type of probability and nonprobability sampling presented in Ch. 6 of Applied Social Research.

·         How can you avoid bias when selecting samples for human services research?

2.     Data Collection

·         Describe the scales of measurement used in research.

·         What are the types of reliability? Provide examples of the types of reliability as they apply to human services research or to human services management research.

·         What are the types of validity? Provide examples of these types of validity as they apply to human services research or to human services management research.

·         Why is it important to ensure that data collection methods and instruments are both reliable and valid?

·         What are the advantages and disadvantages of each of the following:

o    Telephone surveys

o    Online surveys

o    Focus groups

o    Surveys via websites

·         Which of the above examples of survey research you would like to use if you were collecting data, and why?

 

 

Format your paper consistent with APA guidelines and include at least two references. 

 
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Week 2 Assignment Instructions- PSY 615 Personality Theories

 

Week 2 – Assignment

 

Personality Analysis

Prior to beginning work on this assignment, review Chapter 3 in your textbook and the HumanMetrics Jung Typology Test website, and read the Choca (1999), Paris (2005), and Westen (1998) articles.

For this assignment, choose a historically important figure or a character from a movie, novel, or TV show, then address the following in your paper:

  • Examine your figure or character from the perspective of Jung’s theoretical approach to personality and describe your chosen figure or character based on the dichotomous facets of personality as defined by Jung. 
  • Evaluate the current Myers-Briggs Type Indicator (MBTI) personality instrument, which is based on Jung’s theories, and provide your impression of your chosen figure or character through the major facets of the MBTI. 
  • Analyze how ethical issues might affect the implementation of MBTI personality assessment in the setting native to your chosen figure or character.  
  • Assess the MBTI and its use to provide results on your chosen figure or character and describe the efficacy and reliability of this assessment as it relates to your chosen person.
  • Summarize and present your opinion about how well this theory describes the person in question. Provide research to support your claims.

The Personality Analysis

  • Must be three to five double-spaced pages in length (not including title and references pages) and formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
  • Must include a separate title page with the following:
    • Title of paper
    • Student’s name
    • Course name and number
    • Instructor’s name
    • Date submitted
  • Must address the topic of the paper with critical thought.
  • Must use at least three peer-reviewed sources, including a minimum of three from the Ashford University Library.  These may include the required articles for the assignment. 
  • Must document all sources in APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.
  • Must include a separate references page that is formatted according to APA style as outlined in the Ashford Writing Center.

Carefully review the Grading Rubric for the criteria that will be used to evaluate your assignment.

 
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PHI-105 Types of Communication Table

 

In order to write a quality persuasive essay that incorporates critical thinking, you must include a mixture of informative, explanatory, and persuasive statements because to persuade someone you must:

 

a)      Inform them about the topic

 

b)      Explain your argument

 

c)      Persuade your audience to your point of view.

 

 

 

Directions:

 

1.      Use the table below to do the following:

 

a)      Choose a concept and write an informative statement, an explanatory statement, and a persuasive statement for the concept in the appropriate boxes. An example has been completed for you in red.

 

b)      In part b of the table, select a concept from the draft of your persuasive essay and provide an example of one informative statement, one explanatory statement, and one persuasive statement based on the concept you chose.

 

c)      As discussed in the module lecture, language is intertwined with critical thinking. In part c of the table, in 200-250 words explain the relationship between informative, explanatory, and persuasive statements and critical thinking.

 

 

 

 

Concept

Informative:

(Just the facts)

Explanatory:

(Description of the facts)

Persuasive:

(Position on the facts)

Example Concept

Baseball

Baseball is a sport involving 9 players positioned in various places on a field, who are attempting to keep the other team from advancing bases.

There are many ways to score runs in baseball. The most efficient way is for your team to get a series of base hits eventually bringing runners home. In order to do this, players must have good hitting ability, running ability, and judgment.

Quality pitchers are more important than power hitters, because keeping runs off the board could give the pitcher’s team more opportunity to win. Teams that have better pitchers almost always end up being the better team.

Part A: Concept of your Choice

 

 

 

 

Part B: Concept selected from your persuasive essay

 

 

 

 

Part C: In 200-250 words explain the relationship between informative, explanatory, and persuasive statements and critical thinking

 

 

 

 

 
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300 words with 2 references

 

Do you ever feel trapped by circumstances that you sense you are powerless to change? As a social worker, you can anticipate having to regularly address clients who feel trapped in adverse circumstances and have no clear direction on how to improve their situations. How do you address the needs of such a client?

Zastrow and Kirst-Ashman (2016) define resiliency as “the ability of an individual, family, group, community, or organization to recover from adversity and resume functioning even when suffering serious trouble, confusion, or hardship” (p. 17-18). For this Discussion, you apply the concept of resiliency to the real life scenario of Talia Johnson.

To prepare for this Discussion, review the major concepts from your HSBE I course (Chapters 1–9 in Zastrow and Kirst-Ashman). Then, view the media about Talia Johnson’s visit with her social worker. As you reflect on the readings this week, imagine you are Talia Johnson’s social worker and consider how you might apply the concept of resiliency to Talia’s case. Also, consider how you might apply the concept of resiliencyto social work practice in general.

Post  a Discussion that includes the following:

  • An explanation about how you, as Talia’s social worker, might apply the concept of resiliency to Talia and her situation
  • Examples from the case study of Talia and the resources to support your strategy
  • An explanation of how you might apply the concept of resiliency to your social work practice
 
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Competency

Design a personal plan to use social media to benefit the student both personally and professionally as well as minimize online mistakes and their impact.

Instructions

Regardless of the career that you pursue or are currently pursuing, it is likely that the action of securing the resource of friends and professional acquaintances will be as valuable as any other action you could take.

Part 1:

First, take some time to reflect on your career and/or future career. If this includes more than one career path, then focus on the one that you are most concerned with in the long term. This might include working in a specific field, starting a business, or any other pursuit you are currently working on or plan to work on in the future. The choice behind the pursuit you will focus on is a personal choice.

Write two pages on why this particular career and/or pursuit is your choice. Reflecting on the why behind your wish to achieve a goal will help to make it feel more tangible to you. This exercise of reflection should serve to remind you of your motivation and will be a good thing to refer back to if your motivation ever gets low. The “why” behind a pursuit is oftentimes more important than the “how” of a pursuit. If you have a strong enough “why,” you will find the “how.”

Part 2:

For the second part of this assignment, make a list of the types of people that could help you in your career and why those people would be good contacts to have. This list should be general in nature, meaning you should list professions or names of positions within companies rather than specific names.

You should list general fields or positions like accountants, attorneys, marketing managers, CEOs, etc., rather than any specific names. Be sure to list at least five professions or types of people.

Part 3:

Next, consider which social media platforms you could use to make personal contacts that could help you in your pursuit along with why and how you could use each. Ensure that the platform and your use of it line up with the specifics behind your chosen future goal.

Describe at least three different platforms you could use, along with why you would use it, and how you would use it for each of the three.

  • Platform #
  • Platform #
  • Platform #

Part 4:

Finally, put all of this together and take action. The next part of this assignment is where you can make a big difference in your grade as well as in your real life pursuit of a goal!

Reach out through the avenue of social media and make contact with three people that you do not currently know. Describe who you contacted and why (you do not need to give their specific name). Explain how you went about contacting them. Contacting someone that works in the same field as you or the same field you intend to work in should be relatively easy as long as you take a professional approach. Speculate over how this new contact might be helpful to you in the future. If you are not currently using social media, then find someone that you know that has used social media to make connections. Ask them to describe how social media has helped them to network and write about social media has helped them to network and make connections.

 
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My name is Leshaela Monique Williams

 

Sets and Subsets

The ability to classify items into sets is important in many contexts. For example, the registrar of a university puts students into classes. Each class can be considered a set. It can also be considered a subset of the entire student population. The admissions officer puts students into majors. Again, each major can be considered a subset of the entire student population. At graduation, students need to be put into groups with similar GPAs for honors, groups with similar degrees, or groups from different schools within the university. On this Unit’s Discussion Board, you will investigate sets, subsets, and proper subsets making at least three posts as described below.

Post 1

  • Using your first, middle, and last name, create a universal set and write it in roster notation. If you do not have a middle name, use your first and last name only.
  • List all the subsets of your universal set.
  • How many subsets did you list? How do you know how many subsets a set will have?
  • List all the proper subsets of your universal set. Are all subsets of a set also proper subsets of a set? Why or why not?

Review an example of a response for this Discussion.

Post 2

  • Choose one of your classmates’ posts and using the letters of either their first, middle or last name, create a set and write it in roster notation.
  • Determine the number of distinct subsets of the set.
  • Determine the number of distinct proper subsets of the set.

Review an example of a response for this Discussion

Post 3

Discussion Guidelines

In this unit’s Discussion, you will interact with your classmates on the course content. Remember, your goal for Discussion Assignments is to ensure that:

  • Responses are on topic, original, and contribute to the quality of the Discussion.
  • Responses make frequent, informed references to unit material.
  • Responses are clearly written.
  • You submit two or more Discussion Board responses to classmates as described in the Discussion Question that are thoughtful and advance the Discussion.

Keep in mind that when you post, you should include references to the textbook and any material found online. The class is all about sharing knowledge, so use Discussions as a way of creating a community resource for yourself and your classmates.

Please response to patrick post:

 

Name: Patrick Michael Hogan

Universal Set:

U={Patrick,Michael,Hogan}

Subsets:

{Patrick,Michael,Hogan}, {Patrick,Michael}, {Patrick,Hogan}, {Michael, Hogan}, {Patrick}, {Michael}, {Hogan}, {}

There are 8 Subsets.

Proper Subsets:

{Patrick,Michael}, {Patrick, Hogan}, {Michael, Hogan}, {Patrick}, {Michael}, {Hogan}, {}

Not every subset of a set is a proper set. This can be seen in the example from the book which states “consider C = {car, bus, train} and D = {train, car, bus}. Set C is a subset of set D, C ⊆ D, because every element of set C is also an element of set D. Set C, however, is not a proper subset of set D, C ⊄ D, because set C and set D are equal sets.”

Please also response to Nona: 

Name:  Nona Ann Foga

Universal Set:  U= {Nona, Ann, Foga}

Subsets:  {Nona, Ann, Foga}, {Nona, Ann} {Nona, Foga}, {Ann, Foga}, {Nona}, {Ann}, {Foga}, {}

Proper Subsets:  {Nona, Ann}, {Nona, Foga}, {Ann, Foga}, {Nona}, {Ann}, {Foga}, {}

(Hope this what you’re asking for?)

 
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I need an A on this assignment.  I will provide Instructor main points that he want to see you write on in a few days.  Please read over carefully the instructions in detail.  I already got a F done by another tutor on this hw and the instructor is allowing redo on my term paper counted as my final exam.

Minimum of 6 pages – 7 pages max, APA format 12 point font Times New Roman Double space – not including the cover page and reference page. Do not number cover page, number 1 start on the first page of essay and 1″ margin on all four side.  Do not use right-justified (even-right hands) margin.  No plagiarism cannot quote or paraphrase from summarized articles or other sources.  Need to be your own words throughout, if the summary is better than the interpretation, than it is evidence you are copying.  This is counted 50 percent of my grade and is like a final exam.  Work must be provided with a no plagiarism report.  Please see the attached for full instructions.  Below is a brief summary of what you need to write on and you must follow the instructions listed below on how to right this research paper.  I need an A and I do not want to get an F.  The professor state you must follow his direct instructions,   THERE MAY OCCASIONALLY BE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN THE TEXT’S VERSIONS OF CONCEPTS AND THE VERSIONS THAT I PRESENT IN CLASS, IN 302notes.doc, OR IN DOCUMENTS LISTED IN 302schedule.doc. WHEREVER THERE IS A DIFFERENCE, THE VERSION THAT I PROVIDE IS THE ONE THAT YOU SHOULD PRESENT IN YOUR PAPER.  

The paper is divided into two parts (you do not need to include the headings listed below).  

Part 1: Basic Concepts and Principles  The first part of the paper discusses the fundamentals of operant conditioning based on animal research. First Two Paragraphs on Page 1:  Begin with a definition of operant conditioning as an approach to analyzing behavior that focuses on the ways in which behavior is influenced by its consequences in the environment. You can illustrate the process of operant conditioning by using the prototypical experiment of a rat that presses a bar, receives food, and then presses the bar at a higher rate. NOTE: It would be useful to define reinforcement and punishment here in the first paragraph when you discuss the consequences of behavior. However, DO NOT start defining positive and negative reinforcement, and positive and negative punishment, in the first paragraph because these are technical distinctions that would distract from the basic point of the paragraph.   For contrast, in the next paragraph (not later in the paper), present a short paragraph (half page maximum) that discusses classical conditioning as a process in which learning occurs even though the learned behavior has no consequences in the environment. You can illustrate this process with the experiment in which the ringing of a bell is paired with food and a dog learns to salivate when the bell is rung even though the food is given regardless of the animal’s behavior. (You don’t have to use the terms US, UR, CS, CR.) Starting with the Third Paragraph and Continuing for 2 or 3 pages:  Define and give your own examples of the terms listed below (Part 1 is not a literature review). A common problem with students’ papers is that they leave out required terms or do not provide the requested information. It is suggested that you check off each of the following terms and related information as you complete it. Do not simply the list the terms. They should be conceptually related to each other with logical transitions between terms.      SEE CHECKLIST ON NEXT PAGE  

Key Points on Terms … 1. Be sure to define a technical term before you use it to explain something else. 2. Do not use the term that you’re defining in the definition of that term.  

Part 2: Human Operant Research  The second part of the paper summarizes two or more experiments (from different research articles, not from the same article) on human operant behavior that illustrate concepts from Part 1.  The articles you use must involve human participants in either a laboratory or applied setting. No credit will be given for a summary in which the subjects were animals. IN AT LEAST ONE OF YOUR ARTICLES, THE PARTICIPANTS MUST BE NORMAL ADULTS OR NORMAL TEENAGERS (i.e. not children, not psychotics, not mental patients, not autistic persons, and not mentally retarded persons).  The main purpose of the research must have been to study a process in operant conditioning (they can’t just use an operant concept to explain results from a study in a different field). Do not use an article that assesses ways of teaching operant conditioning.  The articles must be from a primary source in a printed journal (not a website or web page) describing the full original experiment and not from a secondary source, such as Psychological Bulletin, that presents summaries. Each of the experiments you summarize must come from a different research article. If a research article includes more than one experiment, you do not have to summarize all of the experiments in that article. One is enough if your summary of it is detailed and substantial. Each article must be summarized separately. Do not combine two  9 articles into a single summary that makes blanket statements about what the two studies had in common.  Begin each summary by stating what concept or concepts from Part 1 it illustrates. In at least 1 page per article (preferably more than 1 page), describe the rationale, procedure, and specific findings of the study. In other words, you should compare findings (e.g., response rates) in different conditions or groups and not just state a general conclusion that the researchers drew from their findings. The summary is in past tense.  For an article on shaping, describe in detail the successive approximations that were used to establish the target response.   Whatever topic you select, your description of the research must be thorough enough to demonstrate that you have carefully read and understood the research. Use your own words and avoid paraphrasing and jargon.   Before summarizing your first study, present a paragraph to relate Part 1 to Part 2. You should indicate which concepts from Part 1 will be illustrated. Also, point out the key role of instructions in human operant research. A significant way in which human operant research differs from research with nonhuman species is that with human participants instructions are usually included to speed up the conditioning process. Typically, instructions are used to describe the response that will be reinforced. After the response occurs, it produces reinforcement and then the frequency of the response is increased. Instructions may also be used to describe the reinforcers (or punishers) involved and the schedules under which they will be administered (e.g., the complex reinforcement systems used in token economies).  You can point out that even though the use of instructions may seem to make human operant research fundamentally different from animal research, the instructions themselves may be conceptualized in basic operant conditioning terms. Instructions can be a type of discriminative stimulus in that they precede the response and signal that if the response is performed it may be reinforced. In this sense, instructions are just a more complex form of the visual and auditory stimuli used as discriminative stimuli in animal research.  Referring to an article. When you introduce an article in Part 2, give the authors’ last names and the year of publication, like: “A study by Renee and Creer (1976) used shaping to …” Do not give the authors’ first names, their institutional affiliation, or the title of the article.  SUGGESTED READINGS  As a general suggestion, you could look through issues of the Journal of Applied Behavior Analysis. This journal specializes in the study of human operant behavior in socially significant settings. In addition to the paper copies available in the library, all issues (except those from the most recent 6 months) are available online for free in pdf format. Links to all of the issues and articles can be found in the following archive: In your summary of each article, highlight the ways in which the researcher used instructions to facilitate conditioning, for example, by describing the response that was required for reinforcement or by describing the possible outcomes of that response.  see attachment for articles to read and research.

 
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socw 6301 Dis-1

 

There are several different types of research designs. Each design is intended to respond to a particular type of research question. The type of research design depends on the type of research questions asked. For this Discussion, select one of the articles from the reading list and consider several classifications of group research designs.

Post your response to the following: Describe which groups are compared in the research. Then, classify the research design as follows:

  1. By explaining whether the study is pre-experimental (cross-sectional, one-shot case study, and longitudinal), experimental (control group with pretest and posttest, posttest only, or four-group design), or quasi-experimental (comparing one group to itself at different times or comparing two different groups)
  2. By indicating what the researchers report about limitations of the study
  3. By explaining concerns you have regarding internal validity and the ability of the study to draw conclusions about causality
  4. By explaining any concerns you have about the generalizability of the study (external validity) and what aspect of the research design might limit generalizability

SOCW 6301 WK5 DIS-2

 

This week’s video introduces you to the Hernandez family. Juan and Elena Hernandez are mandated to attend parenting classes. As part of the parenting classes, they are required to participate in both a pretest (taken before classes begin) and a posttest (taken after classes end). Pretests and posttests can yield very useful information. They can measure the learning that has or has not taken place as a result of the education being provided. For this Discussion, imagine what kinds of questions would be on a pretest and posttest for this particular study sample (the parents who are taking parenting classes).

Post your explanation of what you think the social workers wanted to know when they designed the pre/posttest for evaluating the parenting classes. Be sure to address the concept of attrition and whether or not you believe they took that into account. Be sure to explain why. Then, analyze potential lessons learned from attrition. Finally, explain how you might design a study to gather data about the effectiveness of these parenting classes. Use the following questions to focus your thinking:

  • Would you recommend a pre-experimental, experimental, or quasi-experimental design?
  • Would the study involve measurement over time?
  • Would there be a control group?
  • In this group research design you imagine, what or who will be compared?
  • What limitations in terms of generalizability and internal validity can you anticipate based on the research plan you envision?
  • What can you tell the social worker about the issue of client drop out (also called attrition or experimental mortality)?
  • If there is no control group, what type of research design could answer the question: Is this parent training class effective in reducing abusive parenting practices?
 
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 Subject Name: Counseling Theory 

We got:Some theory 
person-centered theory and therapy (PCT).
existential theory and practice.
Gestalt theory and therapy.

I have attached all the materials we studied in this course

Based on what you have learned thus far in the course, please reflect on the following:

Please watch the following video:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Rr7WPGbZIjY (Links to an external site.)Links to an external site.

Answer the following questions in a 3-5 page response:

  1. How would you characterize Gabriel’s natural therapy style? 
  2. What strategies does he use to facilitate the therapeutic process 
  3. Pick a 2 theorists discussed thus far, and compare and contrast Gabriel’s style to the theorist.  Please make sure you are showing a clear understanding of the theorist you are  comparing him too, and being clear in your understanding of the theory in practice
  4. Could Gabriel benefit from using any additional theories you have learned about thus far? If so, what and how?
  5. What did you think of Gabriel’s style? Did you like it? Why or why not? 
  6. Based on the supplemental learning this week, any cultural issues you noticed?
 
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