1. The first Africans in colonial America were indentured servants whose children were
a. designated as slaves.
b. born free people.
c. also indentured servants.
d. sent back to Africa.
2. Ethnocentrism is
a. the belief that each culture is equally valid.
b. the basis for all discriminatory behavior.
c. rare in diverse societies.
d. the tendency to assume that one’s culture is superior to all others.
3. Mestizos are becoming increasingly identified with Mexico’s
a. indigenous population.
b. middle class.
c. crime gangs.
d. economic decline.
4. Total discrimination refers to current discrimination operating in the current labor market and
a. absolute deprivation.
b. past discrimination.
5. The Bureau of Indian Affairs was organized in 1824 as part of the
a. Department of Health and Human Services.
b. Department of Education.
c. Department of Justice.
d. Department of War.
6. Muslim Americans reflect a blended identity which includes
a. religious faith.
b. cultural background based on nationality.
c. U.S. resident status.
d. all of these
7. Which of the following comes closest to a distinguishing characteristic of Jewish identity?
b. religious practices
c. ethnicity and culture
d. physical traits
8. Members of a minority or subordinate group generally marry within their group because
a. members of the dominant group usually want to join a minority group by marrying into it.
b. members of the subordinate group have a strong sense of group solidarity that discourages outsiders.
c. it is always illegal for subordinate group members and dominant group members to marry.
d. they have low self-esteem.
9. A person’s material assets, including land and other types of property, comprise one’s
10. Tong membership is based on
c. district of origin in China.
d. current locale.
11. A program designed to allow students to learn academic concepts in their native language while they learn a second language is
a. dual-lingual education
b. bilingual education
c. tri-lingual education
d. multicultural education
12. Mistaken identity by the media occurs when
a. Asian Americans are not sought out for their views on issues related to Asia.
b. news accounts unfairly blame Asian nations for U.S. economic problems.
c. American citizens of Asian descent are presented as if they are foreigners.
d. there is unbalanced coverage of events involving Asians or Asian Americans.
13. A group of _____ were sent to internment camps in Montana during World War II.
a. Canadian Americans
b. Italian Americans
c. Columbian Americans
d. Japanese Americans
14. AARP stands for the
a. American Association of Retired Persons.
b. Allied Association of Retired People.
c. Aged Active Responsible Persons.
d. Anti-Ageist Response Program.
15. The culture of poverty was outlined by
a. Cesar Chavez.
b. Oscar Lewis.
c. Henry Cisneros.
d. Lauro Cavez.
16. The tendency for men and women to be employed in different occupations from each other is
a. incomparable worth
b. occupational segregation by gender
c. called underemployment
d. called separate environments
17. Which of the following is NOT considered an ethnic group?
a. Puerto Ricans.
b. Italian Americans.
d. Polish Americans.
18. For the ___________ man, the priesthood was viewed as a desirable and respected occupation.
a. English American
b. Irish American
c. Mexican American
d. German American
19. Chavez’s labor union efforts have had the lasting effect of
a. improved working conditions for agricultural workers.
b. increased awareness of the plight of migrant workers.
c. migrant workers developing a sense of solidarity.
d. all of these
20. Holocaust revisionists are people who
a. survived the Holocaust.
b. want Germany to build a monument to Hitler.
c. claim the Holocaust did not happen.
d. lobby worldwide to raise awareness of the Holocaust.
21. The exploitation theory of prejudice is based on the works of
a. Max Weber.
b. W. I. Thomas.
c. Karl Marx.
d. Robert K. Merton.
22. African Americans have
a. higher unemployment rates.
b. a greater rate of business failure.
c. lower-paying jobs.
d. all of these
23. Attempts to measure crime rates by interviewing ordinary citizens are called
a. differential justice.
b. victim discounting.
c. victimization surveys.
24. When men and women work in the same occupation, men always earn more EXCEPT among
b. air traffic controllers.
c. telecommunications line installers.
d. teacher assistants.
25. The Supreme Court ruled that it was constitutional for universities to adopt flexible admissions programs that use race as one factor in decision-making in the
a. Brown case
b. Swann case
c. Weber case
d. Bakke case
26. The Hmong immigrated to the United States from:
a. Thailand and Burma.
b. Laos and Vietnam.
c. Cambodia and China.
d. the Philippines and Indonesia.
27. The Americans with Disabilities Act
a. prohibits bias in transportation against people with disabilities.
b. requires all businesses to reserve employment for the disabled.
c. established a legal definition for the term “disability.”
d. exempts commercial establishments from providing accessibility to the disabled.
28.Typically, jihad means which of the following to Muslims?
e. An internal struggle for spiritual purity
f. An armed struggle against the enemies of Palestine
g. An armed struggle against the political/economic dominance of the U.S.
h. An armed struggle against capitalism
29. From a (an) __________ perspective, by paying low wages to illegal immigrants, employers are able to produce goods and services that are profitable and affordable.
30. Israel became an independent country and a Jewish homeland in
31. Israel’s Law of Return grants entry and citizenship to any of the world’s
32. Which of the following describes pan-Indianism?
a. intertribal social movements
b. several tribes which are joined by political goals unite
c. several tribes unite in a common identity
d. all of these
33. Fish-ins were organized to protest
a. pollution of the waterways by White culture.
b. the movement of fast-food restaurants onto reservations.
c. violation of Native timber rights.
d. interference by state officials with Native rights to fish as they liked.
34. In terms of property losses experienced by Japanese Americans because of the evacuation, the federal government
a. apologized but never repaid them.
b. kept careful records so each family received all of their belongings and property at the end of the war.
c. never apologized or paid anything.
d. eventually agreed to give surviving refugees $20,000 each, tax-free.
35. In 1988, President Ronald Reagan signed legislation entitled the Civil Liberties Act, in which the U.S. authorized reparations for
a. Jewish Americans.
b. Chinese Americans.
c. Japanese Americans.
d. Vietnamese Americans.