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Sunday Homework 4 (10%). Answer course objectives. 

The weekly activities generally consist of answering the chapter objectives located near the beginning of each assigned chapter. Make sure to write and enumerate the questions inside quotation marks. Follow that with your original answers not inside quotation marks. At the end of each chapter or the homework, list your references in full (not just a link) and flank each reference by quotation marks. Minimum 150 words per answer (some questions can be completely answered with fewer words). 

The link for the newer (and free) version of the book is here: https://openstax.org/details/books/anatomy-and-physiology

Chapter 18

  1. Identify the primary functions of blood, its fluid and      cellular components, and its physical characteristics
  2. Identify the most important proteins and other solutes      present in blood plasma
  3. Describe the formation of the formed element components      of blood
  4. Discuss the structure and function of red blood cells      and hemoglobin
  5. Classify and characterize white blood cells
  6. “Describe the structure of platelets and explain the      process of hemostasis”
  7. “Explain the significance of AB and Rh blood groups in      blood transfusions”
  8. “Discuss a variety of blood disorders”

Chapter 19

  1. Identify and describe the interior and exterior parts      of the human heart
  2. Describe the path of blood through the cardiac circuits
  3. Describe the size, shape, and location of the heart
  4. Compare cardiac muscle to skeletal and smooth muscle
  5. Explain the cardiac conduction system
  6. Describe the process and purpose of an      electrocardiogram
  7. Explain the cardiac cycle
  8. Calculate cardiac output
  9. Describe the effects of exercise on cardiac output and      heart rate
  10. Name the centers of the brain that control heart rate      and describe their function
  11. Identify other factors affecting heart rate
  12. Describe fetal heart development

Chapter 20

  1. Compare and contrast the anatomical structure of      arteries, arterioles, capillaries, venules, and veins
  2. Accurately describe the forces that account for      capillary exchange
  3. List the major factors affecting blood flow, blood      pressure, and resistance
  4. Describe how blood flow, blood pressure, and resistance      interrelate
  5. Discuss how the neural and endocrine mechanisms      maintain homeostasis within the blood vessels
  6. Describe the interaction of the cardiovascular system      with other body systems
  7. Label the major blood vessels of the pulmonary and      systemic circulations
  8. Identify and describe the hepatic portal system
  9. Describe the development of blood vessels and fetal      circulation
  10. Compare fetal circulation to that of an individual      after birth

Chapter 21

  1. Identify the components and anatomy of the lymphatic      system
  2. Discuss the role of the innate immune response against      pathogens
  3. Describe the power of the adaptive immune response to      cure disease
  4. Explain immunological deficiencies and over-reactions      of the immune system
  5. Discuss the role of the immune response in      transplantation and cancer
  6. Describe the interaction of the immune and lymphatic      systems with other body systems

Chapter 22

  1. List the structures of the respiratory system
  2. List the major functions of the respiratory system
  3. Outline the forces that allow for air movement into and      out of the lungs
  4. Outline the process of gas exchange
  5. Summarize the process of oxygen and carbon dioxide      transport within the respiratory system
  6. Create a flow chart illustrating how respiration is      controlled
  7. Discuss how the respiratory system responds to exercise
  8. Describe the development of the respiratory system in      the embryo

Chapter 23

  1. List and describe the functional anatomy of the organs      and accessory organs of the digestive system
  2. Discuss the processes and control of ingestion,      propulsion, mechanical digestion, chemical digestion, absorption, and      defecation
  3. Discuss the roles of the liver, pancreas, and      gallbladder in digestion
  4. Compare and contrast the digestion of the three      macronutrients