1. What is the title of the article? Provide the citation for the article in APA format
Tittle: Mental Health Beliefs and Their Relationship With Treatment Seeking Among U.S. OEF/OIF Veterans.
Dawne, V., Annie, B. F., & Brooke, A. l. D. (2014). Mental Health Beliefs and Their Relationship with Treatment Seeking Among U.S. OEF/OIF Veterans. In the Journal of Traumatic Stress, 27 (307-313). Boston University, Massachusetts, U.S.A.
2. Explain how you determined the credibility of the research provided.
The research provided is credible since the sources used are reliable and can be verified. There are different ways through which the credibility of this research can be determined. First, it is established why the study was conducted and how the different phases of the research were conducted about the objectives to be achieved. Assessing whether the researcher has an interest in specific outcomes will also help determine credibility. The second approach is finding out who funded the study. If there is a third party that has sponsored the research, this could affect its reliability and goals. It is also essential to examine the ways through which research data was gathered. How the sample is collected is vital in achieving the study objectives. Methods of data collection determine the quality of the data to be collected. The size of the sample and the response rate play a significant role in the credibility of the research. When the sample is big, just like in this research, the reliability of the results is high. The response rate is also essential as it shows the number of respondents who have provided the researcher with usable responses.
3. What is the purpose of the article?
The purpose of this article is to show the mental health beliefs that exist among veterans and how it may affect their access to medical treatment. According to this research, veterans who are likely to benefit from mental health treatment programs do not always seek care. The study has provided an in-depth examination of beliefs that are related to mental health. It also shows the stigma that people have towards mental illness. The key reasons why individuals with mental illness may fail to seek care include shame and the treatment process they have to go through. The high levels of stigma among the people are an indication of how negative individuals view this disorder. In military and veteran, stigma is the biggest barrier as indicated by the article.
4. What is the hypothesis of the study? In other words, what claims do the authors make in the article?
The study hypothesizes that many veterans who might benefit from mental health treatment do not seek care. It predicts the outcome of the research basing on the population. In Operation Iraq Freedom, a survey was conducted on the veterans, and the results showed that over 50% of the population experienced either stress or depression and had not bothered to seek for medication or help. Stigma and beliefs are the most significant barriers that hinder veterans from seeking medical care. Many feel that the treatment process is very complex and too demanding. This study aims at documenting about stigma and personal beliefs regarding mental illness and mental health treatment. The chosen population is ideal for the research since veterans are exposed to traumatic and stressful events. The study will also find out how beliefs on mental health differ between veterans with mental illness and those without mental disorders.
5. What variables (factors) are being looked? How are these factors assessed or measured in the article?
Different variables have been used in this research. They include personal beliefs, stigmas towards mental illness, stress, depression and severity of alcohol abuse. The stigma was measured by interactions and personal experience from loved ones and from the workplace. Personal beliefs were also measured by collecting the surveys about mental illness, psychiatric treatment and their beliefs about seeking medical care. A scale consisting of eight statements was used with a 5-point Likert-type response. The size ranged from 1 (strongly disagree) to 5 (strongly agree). The 17-item PTSD Checklist-Military version was used to measure the level of stress. Depression on the other hand was determined using 7-item Beck Depression Inventory-Primary Care. The scale also ranged between 1 and 5.
6. What type of research design is used in the study? What instruments or measures did the researchers use to collect data?
The type of research design used in this study is the experimental research design. This is because it involves field experiments and actual collection of first-hand data from the samples. The experimental research design involves using samples to test for a particular result among a large population. It is crucial to this study as it helps in increasing its credibility. The method or instrument they used for data collection are surveys. Surveys are important for this study as they provide the characteristics of the whole population. This increases the chances of the researcher gathering more accurate data.
7. Do you think the research in this article was conducted in an ethical manner? Why or why not?
The research was conducted ethically since all principles of ethics were considered. No harm was caused to respondents both mentally and physically. Before emailing the survey questions to participants, the researcher first asked them if they were willing to take part in the study. They obtained informed consent so that participants understood what the research was taking part in and why the researcher required their responses. The veterans voluntarily took part in the study, and they were not deceived or forced. Another ethical aspect that was considered is the confidentiality of the respondents. Data collected was well stored in databases to prevent access to third parties. Veterans who participated in the study were allowed to withdraw if they felt that the research was violating their rights. It is the right of the respondents to willingly withdraw. To ensure that no respondents were disrupted from their normal work schedule, the survey questions were sent to through emails. They were also given ample time to go through the questions so that they could give their most appropriate responses.