Question 51 1 / 1 point
Max, an early researcher in psychology, was interested in how the mind worked. He attempted to break experiences down into its component parts. Max was most likely a:
Question52 1 / 1 point
Emil Kraepelin was the first to describe “dementia praecox,” the mental disorder now known as _____________.
a) major depressive disorder
b) bipolar disorder
c) Munchausen’s syndrome
Question 53 1 / 1 point
Which of the following fields is considered a “parent” of the discipline of psychology?
Question 54 1 / 1 point
In the 1870s the first laboratories in psychology were opened in _____________.
c) the United States
Question 55 1 / 1 point
Julie is a psychologist and she is conducting research on the effect of talking on a hands-free cell phone while driving. Based on this information we can say that Julie is a(n) ______________ psychologist.
Question 56 1 / 1 point
According to evolutionary psychology, language and science are examples of _____________.
b) by-products of adaptation
c) chance mutations
d) natural selection
Question 57 1 / 1 point
According to the view of mind-body dualism:
a) the mind and the body refer to the same entity.
b) the mind controls the body.
c) the soul is the confluence of mind and body.
d) the mind and the body are controlled by our genetic makeup.
Question 58 1 / 1 point
______________ philosophy emphasizes the interdependence of body and mind.
Question 59 1 / 1 point
The point of view that human behavior is solely the result of ______________ appears to be a very Western, very North American idea.
b) inborn tendencies
Question 60 1 / 1 point
Which of the following topics is most likely to be studied by a developmental psychologist?
a) Are people who interact extensively with other people via Facebook more or less outgoing than those who do not?
b) What is the effect of gender on interest and participation in social networking sites?
c) What is the effect of talking on a hands-free cell phone while driving?
d) How much of people’s personality is reflected in their Facebook profiles?
Question 61 1 / 1 point
More than just about any other area of psychology, ______________ psychology lends itself to a rich set of research questions regarding electronic interactions.
Question 62 1 / 1 point
Which of the following is true about behavioral measures?
a) Behavioral measures provide more objective measurements because they come from a trained outside observer.
b) Behavioral measures are not very time-intensive.
c) Behavioral measures are more susceptible to social desirability bias than are self-report measures.
d) Under this measure, people cannot modify their behavior even if they know they are being observed.
Question 63 1 / 1 point
Jessica wants to conduct a study about differences in jealousy between men and women. She asks 400 college men and women a series of questions about hypothetical scenarios of partner infidelity.
What is Jessica’s sample?
a) Women in the college
b) The 400 college men and women chosen
c) Men and women in the United States
d) Men in the United States
Question 64 1 / 1 point
The advantage of naturalistic observation is:
a) it is easy to administer to large numbers of participants.
b) it allows the researcher to ask people directly or indirectly what they think, feel, or have done.
c) it gives researchers a look at real behavior in the real world.
d) it allows the psychologist to control the conditions and demonstrate cause-and-effect relationships between variables.
Question 64 1 / 1 point
The major limitation of the correlational approach is:
a) it influences the behavior of the participants via the experimenter’s knowledge of who is in which condition.
b) it does not establish whether one variable actually causes the other or vice versa.
c) people do not always accurately report their true thoughts or feelings.
d) the probability of social desirability bias is extreme.
Question 65 1 / 1 point
Which of the following indicates the magnitude and the direction of the relationship between two variables?
a) An experiment
b) Confounding variables
c) A random assignment
d) Correlation coefficients
Question 66 1 / 1 point
Dr. Bischer is conducting a study to determine if men who wear a new type of soccer uniform made from a specially designed fabric will perform better in soccer matches. She recruits a professional soccer team to participate. She randomly assigns half of the men to wear the new-material uniforms made in the color blue and the other half to wear old-material uniforms made in the color red. Although the men know of the uniform test, they are not told which of the uniforms is made from the new material. They are asked to wear their assigned uniforms and score as many goals as possible in a practice game against one another. Dr. Bischer is noting the number of goals scored. Ultimately, the men who are wearing the old uniforms score more goals and therefore win the game. Dr. Bischer speculates that the new uniforms are not more beneficial to performance than the old uniforms, but she will rerun her study a few more times.
What is the independent variable in Dr. Bischer’s study?
a) The men who did not know their roles in the study
b) The type of uniform worn—old or new material
c) The number of goals scored
d) Trying to score as many goals as possible
Question 67 1 / 1 point
In a study on sugar consumption and activity level, an artificial sweetener would be an appropriate ____________.
Question 68 1 / 1 point
A graph of frequency scores is known as a ____________.
b) contingency table
Question 69 1 / 1 point
5% is the most frequent choice made by psychological researchers and is referred to as the ____________.
a) statistical inference
d) standard deviation
Question 70 1 / 1 point
The ____________ is calculated by adding all the numbers together and dividing by the number of scores in the series.
a) standard deviation
Question 71 1 / 1 point
The feeling of being in love is attributed to:
a) subjective consciousness.
b) objective consciousness.
c) psychic consciousness.
Question 72 1 / 1 point
The limited capacity to process information that is under conscious control refers to:
Question 73 1 / 1 point
Susanne is in an unresponsive condition though she can open her eyes. This suggests that she is in a ________ state.
Question 74 1 / 1 point
Which of the following tests is used to study sustained attention?
a) Raven’s Progressive Matrices Test
b) Stanford-Binet Test
c) Continuous Performance Test (CPT)
d) Stroop Test
Question 75 1 / 1 point
Which of the following is true?
a) The less hippocampal activation shown during high-wave sleep, the worse the person performs on the task the next day.
b) The more hippocampal activation shown during high-wave sleep, the better the person performs on the task the next day.
c) The more hippocampal activation shown during slow-wave sleep, the better the person performs on the task the next day.
d) The more hippocampal activation shown during slow-wave sleep, the worse the person performs on the task the next day.
Question 76 1 / 1 point
EEG studies of people suffering from narcolepsy reveal:
a) protracted REM sleeping patterns.
b) absence of sleep spindles.
c) abnormality in sleep spindles.
d) normal REM sleeping patterns.
Question 77 1 / 1 point
Why are women more likely to be affected by insomnia?
a) They are more prone to sleep less than two to four hours a day for two weeks or more.
b) Women are more likely to consume alcohol.
c) They are less likely to cope with medical conditions.
d) They are more likely to be iron deficient.
Question 78 1 / 1 point
Which of the following holds true with regard to hypnosis?
a) Hypnotized people are in reality awake.
b) Hypnotized people have voluntary control over their own behavior.
c) Hypnotized people are in reality asleep.
d) Hypnotized people retain critical faculties of mind.
Question 79 1 / 1 point
What did research by neuroscientist Amir Raz and colleagues reveal?
a) Highly hypnotizable people had more activity in the areas of the brain that normally process word meaning
b) Less hypnotizable people were able to suppress the Stroop effect
c) Highly hypnotizable people had less activity in the areas of the brain that normally process word meaning
d) Both the highly hypnotizable and less hypnotizable people could remain resistant and show the same activity in the areas of the brain that normally process word meaning,
Question 80 1 / 1 point
A synthesized form of the derivative of the grain fungus ergot is:
Question 81 1 / 1 point
The legally permitted limit for the amount of alcohol consumption in the United States is ________ BAC.
Question 82 1 / 1 point
If one hires a mathematician to change tires, what is the employer doing?
a) Promoting one’s strengths
b) Giving them a projective test
c) Not harnessing one’s strengths
d) Encouraging one’s organizational citizenship
Question 83 1 / 1 point
Which of the following is true as it relates IQ tests and selecting employees.
a) IQ tests are strong predictors of job satisfaction
b) IQ tests are best used to predict employee productivity in highly specialized jobs like medical personnel, military, and private industry
c) IQ tests are good for predicting the productivity of employees who require considerable time to learn job skills
d) IQ tests are strong predictors of employee productivity in jobs requiring little skill
Question 84 1 / 1 point
When employees are appraised positively for friendliness and not on work productivity, it is safe to say the appraisal contains this type of bias?
a) Leniency bias
b) Halo bias
c) Severity bias
d) Recency bias
Question 85 1 / 1 point
Penny has advanced social skills, is highly optimistic about her future, and a very attractive young lady. What profession does she have a chance of being successful?
b) College professor
Question 86 1 / 1 point
Which of the following is a behavioral approach to conserving natural resources?
a) Reducing one’s gas bill for conservation practices
b) Giving one a cash rebate for buying an auto hybrid
c) Getting paid for recycling aluminum cans and bottles
d) All of the above
Question 87 1 / 1 point
Defendants who have which of the following are at greater risk of being convicted, independent of the factors of the case.
a) Minority ethnic group stats
b) Blue collar worker
d) All of the above
Question 88 1 / 1 point
Many prehistoric cultures had ______________ that treated mental disorders by performing rituals to drive out the evil spirits that were thought to be the causes of such disorders.
Question 89 1 / 1 point
a) examines how thought and behavior change and show stability across the life span.
b) considers what makes people unique as well as the consistencies in people’s behavior across time and situations.
c) focuses on the treatment of mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders.
d) considers how the real or imagined presence of others influences thought, feeling, and behavior.
Question 90 1 / 1 point
Common sense, rather than the scientific method, is used by:
a) folk psychologists.
b) clinical psychologists.
c) research psychologists.
d) social psychologists.
Question 91 1 / 1 point
Developmental psychology explores:
a) how we perceive information, how we learn and remember, how we acquire and use language, and how we solve problems.
b) the links among brain, mind, and behavior.
c) the relationship between bodily systems and chemicals and their relationship to behavior and thought.
d) how thought and behavior change and show stability across the life span.
Question 92 1 / 1 point
Psychology is most accurately defined as the _____________.
a) study of people in terms of large-scale social forces and with a focus on groups rather than individuals
b) scientific study of human culture and origins
c) scientific study of thought and behavior .
d) study of people through description and analysis of past events and artifacts
Question 93 1 / 1 point
Psychoanalysis assumes that the unconscious blocking, or repression, of disturbing thoughts and impulses—especially ______________ impulses—is at the heart of all maladaptive adult behavior.
a) sexual and aggressive
b) illogical and depressive
c) depressive and unethical
d) aggressive and unethical
Question 94 1 / 1 point
______________ psychologists strive to understand people who are psychologically healthy, happy, and compassionate.
Question 95 1 / 1 point
What modern view of psychological disorders developed at the end of the 1800s?
a) Psychological disorders have an underlying physical cause and thus should be treated by physical means.
b) Psychological disorders are actually thought disorders, rather than instances of spirit possession caused by witchcraft.
c) Psychological disorders are mood disorders and should be treated by psychoanalysis.
d) Psychological disorders are a form of illness that should be diagnosed and treated.
Question 96 1 / 1 point
In which of the following approaches to psychology was introspection the primary research method used to understand thoughts and behavior?
Question 97 1 / 1 point
Which of the following terms refers to inherited solutions to ancestral problems that have been naturally selected because they directly contribute in some way to reproductive success?
a) Circular logrolling
b) Differential selection
Question 98 1 / 1 point
As compared to babies of uninfected mothers, babies whose mothers fought off infectious diseases when they were pregnant were _____________.
a) less likely to engage in peer conflicts as children
b) more likely to develop schizophrenia
c) less likely to develop major a depressive disorder
d) more likely to develop advanced language skills
Question 99 1 / 1 point
According to the nature-only view, who we are comes from:
a) environmental forces.
b) introspection and analysis.
c) our experiences.
d) inborn tendencies and genetically based traits.
Question 100 1 / 1 point
In psychology, the idea that the mind and the body are separate entities is referred to as:
a) nature through nurture.
b) mind-body dualism.
c) evolutionary theory.
d) cogito ergo sum.