Erasmus Darwin argued
A.changes in species over the course of time are due to outside influences.
B.an animal, once changed, passes on that change to its offspring.
C.answers A and B
D.none of the above
Wallace proposed that
A.humans underwent natural selection long ago.
B.humanity’s control over its environment freed it from further pressures of natural selection.
C.further development occurred through the accumulation of knowledge and technology and through cultural transmission.
D.all of the above
The “jnd” is
A.justified noticeable difference
B.justified noticed difference
C.just noticed difference
D.just noticeable difference
Wundt established a laboratory, which was recognized by the University in
Wundt’s most fundamental beliefs was
A.complicated human phenomena are not profitably studied in a laboratory or with individual subjects.
B.things are not derstandable through the method of Geschichte, meaning ‘‘story,’’ or ‘‘history.’’
C.denounceing the aspect of his earlier work called Vo ¨ lkerpsychologie, or ‘‘cultural psychology.’’
D.None of the above
Aristotle believed in a scala naturae of fixed species arranged from low to high.
Psychological research, or psychology as a science, began in German universities during the nineteenth century because Germany was the only place where organized science existed.
Weber noted, what is critical is the ratio of change in stimulation to level of outgoing stimulation.
Herbart saw psychology as a science (Wissenschaft).
Herbart noted that true qualities of things are completely hidden from us and when we think that we are perceiving qualities of things, their basis is only qualitative.